Communal Intentions or Intentional Communities
The Idea and Development of the Communal in Viennese Housing
In crisis-shaken Spain, co-housing initiatives like the SostreCívic are a way out of the parents’ house for those who are marginalised by the economical situation. In the social welfare state of Sweden, the model of the kollektivhus , a housing typology with communal dining areas has developed out of an agenda to relieve women from their burden of housework by sharing and dividing up food preparation processes. Throughout various European suburban fringes, co-housing projects like the French Hesp’ère 21 with a strong ecological focus form a counterpart to the sprawling single-family house patterns. According to the law of demand and supply, such niches can be regarded as indicators for underrepresented needs. Consequently, one could say that co-housing projects show what is missing the most within a certain range of supply in a housing market. In the city of Vienna, the majority of the currently offered forms of housing by the housing-providing authorities correspond to a concept of individual small-family nuclei participatory. To this, co-living, participatory and co-housing projects seek an alternative approach.